JOHN R. ALLEN, SPECIAL PRESIDENTIAL ENVOY FOR THE GLOBAL COALITION TO COUNTER ISIL, THE WHITE HOUSE
General John R. Allen commanded the International Security Assistance Force–Afghanistan and United States Forces–Afghanistan from 2011 to 2013. Prior to assuming command of the NATO and U.S. forces in Afghanistan, Allen commanded at every level in the Marine Corps through Marine Expeditionary Brigade. He has served as the Marine Corps fellow to the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a commandant of the Marine Corps fellow, and was the first Marine officer to serve as a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He is currently senior advisor to the secretary of defense on Middle East security. Allen holds a bachelor’s in operations analysis from the Naval Academy, a master’s in national security studies from Georgetown University, a master’s in strategic intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College, and a master’s in national security strategy from the National War College.
CARLOS ALZUGARAY TRETO, DIPLOMAT, CUBA
Ambassador Carlos Alzugaray Treto was a member of the Cuban Foreign Service from 1961 to 1996. His last posting was as head of the Cuban Mission to the European Union. From 1980 to 2007, he also taught at the Instituto Superior de Relaciones Internacionales Raúl Roa García (Raul Roa Garcia Advanced Institute for International Relations). He held several academic leadership jobs at ISRI since 1980, including deputy rector for research and postgraduate studies and coordinator of strategic studies. From 2007 to 2012, he was a professor and researcher at the Center for Hemispheric and United States Studies at the University of Havana. He is the author of 3 books and 60 other publications on Cuban, Latin American and Caribbean, and U.S. and EU international relations. After retiring from the University of Havana in 2012, he joined the Editorial Board of Temas, a Cuban social science and humanities quarterly.
YOUSSEF AMRANI, MINISTER IN CHARGE OF MISSION, ROYAL CABINET, MOROCCO
Prior to his designation in the Cabinet of His Majesty King Mohammed VI of Morocco in October 2013, Youssef Amrani was minister delegate for foreign affairs and cooperation, a post he had held since January 2012. In November 2008, he was appointed secretary general at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, a position he held until his election as secretary general of the Mediterranean Union in July 2011. Amrani has also served as an ambassador of Morocco to Colombia, Chile, and Mexico. From 2003 to 2008, he served as ambassador and director general of bilateral relations in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. He was the head of office of the secretary of state for the Arab Maghreb Union from 1989 to 1992. Afterwards, he was appointed as consul general in Barcelona. He holds a degree in economics from the University Mohammed V in Rabat and graduated from the Institute of Management in Boston.
SIMON ANHOLT, PRESIDENTIAL ADVISOR AND FOUNDER, GOOD COUNTRY INDEX
Simon Anholt’s work over the last 30 years has focused on creating and leading new fields that measure, understand, and influence attitudes, culture, and activity at the global scale. He is founder of the Good Country Party and the Good Country Index. He has helped the political and business leaders of over 50 nations to develop and implement strategies for their enhanced economic, political, and cultural engagement with other countries. He is the founder and publisher of one of the largest annual social surveys ever conducted: the Anholt-GfK Roper Nation Brands Index. Anholt served as vice-chair of the U.K. Foreign Office’s Public Diplomacy Board, is honorary professor in political science at the University of East Anglia, is Chairman of the Anholt Institute in Copenhagen, and is author of five books.
URBAN AHLIN, SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE, PARLIAMENT OF SWEDEN
Urban Christian Ahlin has been the speaker of the Riksdag in Sweden since 2014. He has been a member of the Swedish parliament since 1994, representing the Västra Götaland County East constituency. He was formerly foreign policy spokesman for the Social Democrats. Between 1985 and 1990, he was chairman of the Social Democratic Youth League in Skaraborg County. Between 1991 and 1998, he was chairman of the Social Democratic Party in Mariestad, and between 1999 and 2002, he was the deputy secretary general of the Social Democratic Party. Since 2005, he has been chairman of the Social Democratic Party in Skaraborg.
NIELS ANNEN, MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, GERMANY
Neils Annen has been an influential figure in the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) for the past decade. He currently serves in the German Parliament (the Bundestag) representing the electoral district Hamburg-Eimsbüttel and is a member of the SPD’s executive committee. Annen is a foreign policy leader in the SPD, spokesman on foreign affairs of the SPD Parliamentary Group, and permanent member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. He is the chairman of the Parliamentarian Friendship Group for Relations with the States of South Asia. Prior to being elected to Parliament in 2005, he served as chairman of the SPD youth organization (Young Social Democrats - Jusos). From 2010 to 2011, he was a senior fellow with the German Marshall Fund in Washington, DC. Annen holds a bachelor’s in history and Spanish from the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin and a master’s of international public policy from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.
MIGUEL ARIAS CANETE, COMMISSIONER FOR CLIMATE ACTION AND ENERGY, EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Miguel Arias Canete has been the European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy since November 2014. Arias Canete studied law at the Complutense University of Madrid. After graduating in 1974, he joined the Spanish Civil Service working as a state attorney. In 1978, he became a professor of Law at the University of Cadiz. In 1982, he left his teaching post after being elected a member of the Parliament of Andalusia, a post he held until 1986. He became a member of the European Parliament upon Spain’s accession in 1986. He stayed until 1999, heading the Committees on Agriculture and on Regional Development. Arias Canete served as minister of agriculture and fisheries of Spain from 2000 until 2004, and as minister for agriculture, food and environment from 2011 until 2014, before being selected to head his Party List in the European Parliamentary elections.
ROBERT D. ATKINSON, PRESIDENT, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION FOUNDATION
With an extensive background in technology policy, Dr. Robert D. Atkinson has conducted ground-breaking research projects on technology and innovation, is a valued adviser to state and national policymakers, and a popular speaker on innovation policy nationally and internationally. He is the author of Innovation Economics: The Race for Global Advantage (Yale, 2012) and The Past and Future of America’s Economy: Long Waves of Innovation That Power Cycles of Growth (Edward Elgar, 2005). Before coming to ITIF, Atkinson was vice president of the Progressive Policy Institute and director of PPI’s Technology & New Economy Project. Ars Technica listed Atkinson as one of 2009’s Tech Policy People to Watch. He received his master’s in urban and regional planning from the University of Oregon and was named a distinguished alumnus in 2014. He received his Ph.D. in city and regional planning from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
LISA BALTER SAACKS, VICE PRESIDENT OF GLOBAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT, GUST
Lisa Balter Saacks is the vice president of business development at Gust, a global platform to source and manage early stage investments. She is in charge of all business development and strategic partnership efforts globally and speaks frequently on various trends in early stage investing. Before joining Gust, she held senior positions in the financial and media worlds, including as vice president of strategic partnerships at SecondMarket, where she also created and managed Alchemy Magazine, a publication on the alternative asset class. Previously she was vice president and international publisher at the financial media organization, The Deal LLC, where she ran the firm’s custom media and events division. She began her career in finance at the European-based Creditanstalt Investment Bank. Balter Saacks holds a master’s in international finance from Columbia University’s School of International Affairs and a bachelor’s in international relations from the University of Michigan.
ANNEGRET BENDIEK, SENIOR ASSOCIATE, EU/ EUROPE RESEARCH DIVISION, STIFTUNG WISSENSCHAFT UND POLITIK
Dr. Annegret Bendiek is senior associate of the EU/ Europe Research Division at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) in Berlin. Her areas of expertise are the United States, common foreign security policy, cyber-security, EU foreign policy, European Union, justice and home affairs in the EU, strategic partnerships, and transatlantic relations. She has held a number of research, academic, and government positions. She was recently at the German Federal Foreign Office as a member of the Policy Planning Staff, and previously worked as a fellow at the German Marshall Fund and the Transatlantic Academy, and as a junior professor at the University of Bielefeld.
CARL BILDT, CHAIRMAN, GLOBAL COMMISSION ON INTERNET GOVERNANCE
Carl Bildt was most recently Swedish minister for foreign affairs from 2006 to 2014. He held the post of prime minister from 1991 to 1994. From 1995 to 2001, he had different EU and UN assignments related to the conflicts in the Balkans, notable the first high representative in Bosnia. He is chairman of the Global Commission on Internet Governance and co-chair of the European Council on Foreign Relations. He tweets at @carlbildt.
MICHAEL BIRNBAUM, MOSCOW BUREAU CHIEF, THE WASHINGTON POST
Michael Birnbaum became TheWashington Post’s Moscow bureau chief in April 2014, and he leads the newspaper’s coverage of Russia’s escalating conflict with the West and the war in Ukraine. He served as the newspaper’s Berlin correspondent for three years, when he also covered the Egyptian Revolution, the fall of Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi, and the Arab Spring elsewhere in the Middle East. He has also covered education for the newspaper based in Washington. He has a history degree from Yale University.
PAUL BLEDSOE, PRESIDENT, BLEDSOE & ASSOCIATES, LLC
Paul Bledsoe is president of Bledsoe & Associates, LLC, a strategic public policy firm specializing in national and global communications on tax policy, energy, natural resources, and climate change. From 2009 to 2012, he was senior communications strategist and spokesperson for the American Energy Innovation Council. Bledsoe was also senior policy advisor on the staff of the Presidential National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Off-Shore Drilling. He served as director of communications of the White House Climate Change Task Force under President Clinton from 1998 to 2000, and from 1995 to 1998 was special assistant to U.S. Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt. Previously, he was press secretary and legislative assistant to several members of the U.S. House of Representatives. He holds a bachelor’s with honors and a master’s from Ohio State University.
VOLKAN BOZKIR, MINISTER FOR EU AFFAIRS AND CHIEF NEGOTIATOR, TURKEY
Volkan Bozkir was appointed the minister for EU affairs and the chief negotiator in August 2014. During his career with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he has been vice consul of the consulate general in Stuttgart, first secretary of the embassy in Baghdad, undersecretary of the permanent representation to the OECD, consul general in New York, ambassador in Bucharest, permanent representative of Turkey to the EU. He also acted as the foreign policy advisor to the prime minister, chief of cabinet and chief foreign policy advisor to President Turgut Özal and President Süleyman Demirel, deputy secretary general for EU affairs, deputy undersecretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs responsible for EU affairs, and secretary general for EU affairs. Bozkir was elected as the member of Parliament from Istanbul in its 24th term. He graduated from the Faculty of Law at the Ankara University.
HANDE ÖZSAN BOZATLI, PRESIDENT, ASSEMBLY OF EUROPEAN REGIONS
Dr. Hande Özsan Bozatli started her political career in local Turkish politics in Istanbul and soon became president of the EU and International Relations Committee as well as vice-president of Istanbul Provincial Council. In this capacity, she got involved within the Assembly of European Regions (AER) and was elected president of the Committee in charge of Culture, Education and Youth. In May 2013, Bozatli was elected president of the AER. Since then she has been promoting the interests of AER on the European stage in Brussels, connecting with key decision-makers and aligning with other partner networks to promote the regional dimension in Europe. She is a member of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities in the Council of Europe and an outspoken supporter of greater dialogue between the regions from EU and non-EU countries.
SERGIO BRANCO, DIRECTOR, INSTITUTE FOR TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY OF RIO DE JANEIRO
Sergio Branco is the director at the Institute for Technology and Society of Rio de Janeiro. He was a professor of civil law and intellectual property law at Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School from 2006 to 2013. He was general attorney of the Brazilian Information Technology Institute (ITI) in 2006, after serving as academic development coordinator for the postgraduate program at FGV Direito Rio in 2005. He is the author of numerous books on intellectual property, including Copyright Law at the Internet and the Use of Other People’s Works, The Public Domain in Brazilian Copyright Law and What is Creative Commons – New Copyright Models in a More Creative World. He earned his Ph.D. and master’s in civil law at the University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
PHILIP M. BREEDLOVE, SUPREME ALLIED COMMANDER EUROPE, UNITED STATES
General Philip M. Breedlove assumed duties as supreme allied commander, Europe, and commander of U.S. European Command in 2013. From 2012 to 2013, he was commander of the U.S. Air Forces in Europe. He has also been commander of the U.S. Air Forces Africa, commander of the Headquarters Allied Air Command at Ramstein Air Base, and director of the Joint Air Power Competence Centre at Kalkar Germany. He holds a master’s degree in aeronautical technology from Arizona State University and a master’s degree in national security studies from the National War College. Breedlove holds several decorations and awards, including the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, and four awards of the Legion of Merit.
BORGE BRENDE, MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, NORWAY
Borge Brende is the minister of foreign affairs of Norway. He started his political career in 1985 as political adviser with the Young Conservatives. He has been deputy chair of the Conservative Party (1994-1998) and a member of the Storting (Norwegian parliament) for more than 10 years. From 2001 to 2004, he was minister of the environment, and was minister of trade and industry from 2004 to 2005. In 2008, Brende was appointed managing director of the World Economic Forum in Geneva. He was secretary general of Red Cross Norway from 2009 to 2011, before returning to the World Economic Forum in 2011. Brende was chair of the UN Commission of Sustainable Development from 2003 to 2004 and member of the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (advisory body to the Chinese Government) from 2005 to 2013. Brende has a degree in economics, law, and history from NTNU in Trondheim.
ELMAR BROK, CHAIR, FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMITTEE, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
Elmar Brok is a member of the European Parliament for the Group of the European People’s Party (Christian Democrats). He is the chair of the Committee on Foreign Affairs at the European Parliament and is a member of the Conference of Committee Chairs, the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, and the delegation for relations with India.
ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI, COUNSELOR AND TRUSTEE, CENTER FOR STRATEGIC & INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (CSIS)
From 1977 to 1981, Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski was national security adviser to President Jimmy Carter. In 1981, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his role in the normalization of U.S.-China relations. He received a bachelor’s and master’s from McGill University and Ph.D. from Harvard University. He is the recipient of numerous honors and awards, most recently the de Tocqueville Prize in 2011 for his contributions to the political science field. His many books include Strategic Vision: America and the Crisis of Global Power (Basic Books, 2012); America and the World: Conversations on the Future of American Foreign Policy (Basic Books, 2008), coauthored with Brent Scowcroft and David Ignatius; Second Chance: Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower (Basic Books, 2007); and The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership (Basic Books, 2004).
PATRICIA A. BUCKLEY, DIRECTOR FOR ECONOMIC POLICY AND ANALYSIS, DELOITTE
Patricia Buckley joined Deloitte as the director for economic policy and analysis in September 2012, with responsibility for advising Deloitte’s leadership team on changing U.S. and world economic conditions. She regularly contributes to Deloitte’s Eminence Practice with a focus on economic policy, and is a frequent speaker at Deloitte-sponsored events. Prior to joining Deloitte, Buckley served as the senior economic policy advisor to four secretaries of commerce. Her duties included providing regular economic briefings to the secretary in preparation for White House meetings, press events, and discussions with business and foreign leaders. Her responsibilities included strategic initiatives related to U.S. competitiveness, revitalizing the manufacturing sector, and reforming the country’s immigration system. Buckley has a Ph.D. in economics from Georgetown University.
REINHARD BÜTIKOFER, MEMBER, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
Reinhard Bütikofer is a member of the European Parliament (Greens/EFA) and the co-chair of the European Green Party. He sits on the Committee of Industry, Research and Energy and is a substitute member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET), as well as the Sub-Committees on Security and Defence and Human Rights. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the European Endowment for Democracy and a delegated chair of the AFET Working Group on External Financing Instruments. He is vice-chair of the European Parliament’s Delegation for Relations with the People’s Republic of China and a member of the Delegation to the United States.
CHRIS CAMPBELL, MAJORITY STAFF DIRECTOR, U.S. SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE
Christopher Campbell is the majority staff director to the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance. As such, he designs, manages, and coordinates the U.S. Senate Republican agenda in the areas of international and domestic taxation, international trade, Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, the U.S. National Debt, and oversight of 10 presidential cabinet secretaries. He has been named by Roll Call each of the last four years as one of the 50 most influential staffers on Capitol Hill. Previously, he served as legislative director to Senator Orrin G. Hatch (R-Utah), where he coordinated and managed the senator’s legislative activities. Immediately prior to rejoining Senator Hatch’s staff, Campbell owned a business-consulting firm that specialized in business strategy with clients from all sized companies, from all regions of the country, and from a wide variety of industries. He received an M.B.A. from Thunderbird School of Global Business Management and a bachelor’s from the University of California, Santa Barbara in political science.
DEREK CHOLLET, COUNSELOR AND SENIOR ADVISOR FOR SECURITY AND DEFENSE POLICY, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Derek Chollet is counselor and senior advisor for security and defense policy at The German Marshall Fund of the United States. From 2012 to 2015, Chollet was the U.S. assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs, where he managed U.S. defense policy issues related to the nations and international organizations of Europe (including NATO), the Middle East, Africa, and the Western Hemisphere. Prior to joining the Pentagon, Chollet served at The White House as special assistant to the president and senior director for strategic planning on the National Security Council Staff. From 2009 to 2011, he was the principal deputy director of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s Policy Planning staff. Chollet is the author, co-author, or co-editor of six books on U.S. foreign policy, including The Unquiet American: Richard Holbrooke in the World, co-edited with Samantha Power (Public Affairs, 2011).
STEVE CLEMONS, WASHINGTON EDITOR-AT-LARGE, THE ATLANTIC
Steve Clemons is Washington editor-at-large for The Atlantic and National Journal as well as for Atlantic Media’s digital financial publication, Quartz. He is an MSNBC contributor and comments frequently on politics, economics, and foreign affairs on national television and radio outlets. Clemons is publisher of the political blog, The Washington Note. He is also a senior fellow and founder of the American Strategy Program at the New America Foundation. Previously, Clemons was the executive vice president of the Economic Strategy Institute. He also worked on Capitol Hill as a senior policy advisor on economic and international affairs to Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), and was the first executive director of the Nixon Center.
NELSON W. CUNNINGHAM, PRESIDENT, MCLARTY ASSOCIATES
Nelson W. Cunningham, president of McLarty Associates, was special advisor to President Clinton for Western Hemisphere affairs and previously served as a lawyer at the White House and as general counsel to Senator Joseph Biden. Earlier, Cunningham was a federal prosecutor in New York under then-U.S. Attorney Rudolph Giuliani. He was a foreign policy and trade advisor to the 2004 Kerry presidential campaign and a member of the Obama-Biden transition team. As co-founder and president of McLarty Associates, he has built it into a global firm serving clients in every market in the world. Cunningham serves as president of the American Security Project, a think tank founded in 2005 by then-Senator John Kerry; vice chair of the Business Council for International Understanding and the Institute of the Americas; and is past chair of both the Export-Import Bank Advisory Committee and NDN’s Latin America Policy Initiative. Cunningham is a graduate of Yale College and Stanford Law School.
KIM DARROCH, NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR, UNITED KINGDOM
Sir Kim Darroch has been the prime minister’s national security advisor since January 2012. He was formerly the U.K. permanent representative to the EU and prime minister and head of the Cabinet Office European Secretariat. He joined the Diplomatic Service in 1976, and served in protocol, news, and planning departments before being posted to Tokyo from 1980-84. On return to London, he was desk officer for the Channel Tunnel project, co-secretary of the UK-French Channel Tunnel Treaty Group, and then private secretary to three successive ministers of state. From 1995-97, he headed the Eastern Adriatic Department, dealing with the breakup of Yugoslavia and the Bosnia conflict.
MARTA DASSÙ, SENIOR DIRECTOR, EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, THE ASPEN INSTITUTE
Marta Dassù is the senior director of European affairs at The Aspen Institute. She is editor-in-chief of the journalAspenia. She sits on the Board of Directors of Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in Rome, the Turin-based Centro di Alti Studi sulla Cina contemporanea, Rome’s Istituto di Studi diplomatici, and The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). She headed the Strategic Reflection Group of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and was the international relations advisor to Prime Ministers Massimo D’Alema and Giuliano Amato.
GILLES DE KERCHOVE, COUNTER-TERRORISM COORDINATOR, EUROPEAN UNION
Gilles de Kerchove was appointed European Union counter-terrorism coordinator in September 2007. He coordinates the work of the EU in the field of counter-terrorism, maintains an overview of all the instruments at the union’s disposal, closely monitors the implementation of the EU’s counter-terrorism strategy, and fosters better communication between the EU and other countries to ensure that the EU plays an active role in the fight against terrorism. Before that, he was director for justice and home affairs at the Council Secretariat. De Kerchove is a European law professor at the Catholic University of Louvain, the Free University of Brussels, and the Université Saint Louis-Brussels.
ALAIN DENEEF, INTENDANT, BRUSSELS METROPOLITAN
Alain Deneef is currently intendant of Brussels Metropolitan, a Belgian employers’ coalition. As an expert in urban issues and civil society, he is the founder and president of Aula Magna, a Brussels-based think tank created in 2005. He has held top management positions in Canal+ Belgium (deputy general manager), Belgacom (executive vice-president) and SNCB, the Belgian railway company (chairman of the Board). He has also held several positions as director at BT Belgium, CIT Blaton, and Carmeuse. He was educated at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, where he obtained the degrees of business engineer (Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management) and law and philosophy. He is currently finalizing a master’s in history at the same university. He is fluent in French, Dutch, English, and German.
NINA DOS SANTOS, HOST, THE BUSINESS VIEW, CNN
Nina dos Santos is a London-based news anchor of CNN’s The Business View and a correspondent. She also frequently anchors CNN Marketplace Europe. Dos Santos began her career in print news with internships at theFinancial Times Group and Dow Jones & Co before moving into broadcast news as a presenter with Bloomberg Television, later with Sky News and NBC News. Her past print work has been published in The Wall Street Journaland The International Herald Tribune as well as in Vedomosti in Russia and Handelsblatt in Germany.
MIKULAS DZURINDA, PRESIDENT, WILFRIED MARTENS CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN STUDIES
Mikulas Dzurinda was elected president of the Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies in December 2013. He is the former prime minister of Slovakia (1998-2006) and has held various positions in government since first entering politics in 1990. Once he became prime minister in 1998, Dzurinda introduced far-reaching reforms which have enabled Slovakia to begin the process of joining the EU and NATO. After being reelected in 2002, he led Slovakia to become a member of the EU and NATO in 2004. Dzurinda has also held the position of minister of transportation and more recently that of minister for foreign affairs (from July 2010 to April 2012). He is a founding member of the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (SDKÚ-DS) and was chairman of the party from 2000 to 2012. He was elected to the Slovak Parliament in 2012 and is currently a member of the Parliamentary Committee for Foreign Relations.
KARIM EL AYNAOUI, MANAGING DIRECTOR, OCP POLICY CENTER; ADVISOR TO THE CEO, OCP GROUP
Karim El Aynaoui is currently managing director of the OCP Policy Center and advisor to the CEO and chairman of OCP, a global leader in the phosphate sector. OCP Policy Center is an autonomous Moroccan think-tank created by OCP Foundation to further policy debate and analysis of key social, economic, and geopolitical issues that affect the future of the private sector and the country. From 2005 to 2012, El Aynaoui worked at Bank Al-Maghrib, the central bank of Morocco. There he was the director of economics and international relations, providing strategic leadership in defining and supporting monetary policy analysis and strategy. Before joining Bank Al-Maghrib, he worked for eight years at the World Bank, both in its Middle Eastern and North Africa and Africa regions as an economist. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Bordeaux, where he also taught for three years.
PETER ERICSON, HEAD OF SECURITY POLICY DEPARTMENT, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, SWEDEN
Peter Ericson is the head of Security Policy Department at the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which is responsible for Sweden’s general security policy and the EU’s security and defense policy, as well as relations with NATO, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe. The department has the overall responsibility for the UN and its central bodies, the General Assembly and the Security Council. The department also works with peace support issues, including the international operations in which Sweden participates with military and civilian personnel. Other important work areas are terrorism issues, sanctions, and peacebuilding and conflict issues in a broad sense. The department has four divisions: the Europe Division, the Euro-Atlantic Division, the Global Division, and the Conflict Division.
STEVEN ERLANGER, LONDON BUREAU CHIEF, THE NEW YORK TIMES
Steven Erlanger became the London bureau chief of The New York Times in August 2013, after five years as bureau chief in Paris and, before that, four years as bureau chief in Jerusalem. He has served as Berlin bureau chief, bureau chief for Central Europe and the Balkans based in Prague, and chief diplomatic correspondent based in Washington. From 1991 to 1995, he was posted in Moscow, after being Bangkok bureau chief and Southeast Asia correspondent from 1988 to 1991. A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, he graduated from Harvard College in 1974 and studied Russian at St. Antony’s College, Oxford.
SERGIO FAUSTO, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, FUNDAÇÃO INSTITUTO FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO
Sergio Fausto is executive director of Fundação Instituto Fernando Henrique Cardoso and co-director of the Plataforma Democratica project. He is also a contributing expert to the James Baker Institute’s Latin American Iniciative and a member of the Grupo de Análise da Conjuntura Internacional da Universidade de São Paulo (GACINT-USP). Fausto contributes regularly to the daily newspaper O Estado de S.Paulo and to Infolatam - Información y Analisis de América Latina. In 2012, he was awarded with the Gus Hart Fellowship from the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. During Cardoso’s presidency, Fausto held relevant positions in the ministries of planning; industry, development and external trade; and finance.
NORA FISHER ONAR, FELLOW, TRANSATLANTIC ACADEMY
Nora Fisher Onar is a fellow at the Transatlantic Academy in Washington and a research associate of the Centre for International Studies at the University of Oxford. She taught international relations at Bahçeşehir University and was an inaugural Ronald D. Asmus Policy Entrepreneurs Fellow at The German Marshall Fund of the United States. She has published in numerous policy and academic fora from Foreign Affairs and the Guardian to Cooperation and Conflict and Millennium. She received her doctorate in international relations from the University of Oxford and holds masters and undergraduate degrees from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University and Georgetown University.
MICHELE FLOURNOY, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, CENTER FOR A NEW AMERICAN SECURITY
Michele Flournoy is the co-founder and chief executive officer of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS), a non-partisan think tank dedicated to developing strong, pragmatic, and principled national security policies. She served as the undersecretary of defense for policy from 2009 to 2012, where she was the principal adviser to the secretary of defense in the formulation of national security and defense policy, oversight of military plans and operations, and in National Security Council deliberations. She led the development of the U.S. Department of Defense’s 2012 strategic guidance and represented the department in dozens of foreign engagements in the media and before Congress.
ROLAND FREUDENSTEIN, DEPUTY DIRECTOR AND HEAD OF RESEARCH, WILFRIED MARTENS CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN STUDIES
After a two year voluntary military service, Roland Freudenstein studied political science, economics, Japan studies, and international relations in Bonn and Los Angeles. Having worked as a research fellow at the German Council on Foreign Relations, he became a member of the foreign and security planning staff of the European Commission in Brussels in the 1990s. Subsequently, he became the director of the Warsaw office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and later held a leading function in the foundation’s central office in Berlin. After coming back to Brussels in 2004, he represented the German city state of Hamburg to the EU. Since 2008, he has been the head of research and deputy director of the Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies. He has contributed to debates and published extensively on European integration, international security, German-Polish relations, global democracy support, and recently about the changes in the Middle East.
FRANK FRIEDMAN, CEO, DELOITTE LLP
Frank Friedman has served as CEO of Deloitte since 2011, and has led the development of the firm’s financial strategy, including capital, budgeting, planning, analysis, accounting, partner financial services, taxes, reporting, and operations. He is a frequent commentator on major issues impacting the U.S. economy, speaking to outlets such as Bloomberg, CNBC, Fox Business, and CNNMoney. Outside of Deloitte, Friedman has served on the boards of many philanthropic organizations, including the REACH Foundation, Starlight Theater, Health Midwest, Minority Supplier Council, and Menorah Hospital. He joined Deloitte’s Kansas City office in 1979 after graduating from the University of Kansas with a bachelor’s in accounting and business administration.
DANIEL FRIED, COORDINATOR FOR SANCTIONS POLICY, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Daniel Fried assumed his position as the U.S. Department of State’s coordinator for sanctions policy in January 2013. Prior to that, he served as special envoy for closure of the Guantanamo Detainee Facility starting on May 2009, with the additional responsibility as the secretary’s special advisor on Camp Ashraf (Iraq) from November 2011. Fried served as assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs from 2005 until 2009 and as special assistant to the president and senior director for European and Eurasian affairs at the National Security Council from 2001 to 2005. Fried was Polish desk officer at the State Department from 1987 to 1989 as democracy returned to Poland and Central Europe. He served as political counselor in the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw from 1990 to 1993.
MICHAEL FROMAN, U.S. TRADE REPRESENTATIVE, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, UNITED STATES
As the United States trade representative, Michael Froman is U.S. President Barack Obama’s principal advisor, negotiator, and spokesperson on international trade and investment issues. Before his appointment, Froman served at the White House as assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor for International Economic Affairs, where he was responsible for coordinating policy on international trade and financial, energy security and climate change, development, and democracy issues on the U.S. National Security Council. Previously, he has served numerous roles at Citigroup, and he has been a resident fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
TREVOR GANDY, SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT, CHIEF DIVERSITY OFFICER, CHUBB GROUP OF INSURANCE COMPANIES
As Chubb’s senior vice-president and chief diversity officer, Trevor Gandy is responsible for developing and implementing a diversity strategy that fosters innovation and market leadership. He also chairs Chubb’s Women of Color Initiative Steering Committee, which is charged with accelerating the development and advancement of multicultural women within the company. In addition to his chief diversity officer responsibilities, Gandy serves on Chubb's Administrative Committee and has oversight for corporate responsibility. He has been featured in articles published by the Chicago Tribune, Catalyst, Business Insurance Magazine, TheGlassHammer.com, andDiversityInc Magazine. He serves as executive committee chair of The Conference Board Council of U.S. Diversity & Inclusion Executives. Additionally, he represents Chubb on the Re: Gender (formerly the National Council for Research on Women) Corporate Circle Advisory Board, Center for Talent Innovation Task Force, and Catalyst Expert Community.
FAN GANG, PRESIDENT, CHINA REFORM FOUNDATION
Dr. Fan Gang is one of China’s most influential economists and a respected adviser to the country’s leadership on economic reform and strategic development. Based in Beijing, he is chairman of the China Reform Foundation, director of the National Economic Research Institute (NERI), and president of the China Development Institute. He also serves as China local partner for GlobalSource Partners, an exclusive team of emerging market consultants that includes some of the brightest minds in the emerging market world. Fan previously served as a member of the Monetary Policy Committee of the People’s Bank of China and is currently a member of the Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security of China, and serves as International Advisor to the Center for International Development at Harvard University.
KRISTALINA GEORGIEVA, VICE PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Kristalina Georgieva is currently vice president of the European Commission, responsible for budget and human resources. In this role, she is responsible for managing the EU budget and ensuring that it is invested in the best way to serve EU citizens. She is also in charge of the internal organization of the European Commission as an institution, and ensures that its resources are used to deliver on priorities. From 2010 to 2014, she was European commissioner for international cooperation, humanitarian aid and crisis response. During her term in that office, she oversaw the delivery of life-saving assistance to nearly 500 million children, women, and men affected by conflicts and natural disasters around the world.
NIK GOWING, INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTER
Nik Gowing was a main presenter for the BBC’s international 24-hour news channel BBC World News from 1996 to 2014. He has presented The Hub with Nik Gowing, BBC World Debates, Dateline London, plus provided location coverage of major global stories. For 18 years, he worked at ITN where he was bureau chief in Rome and Warsaw, and diplomatic editor for Channel Four News. He has been a member of the councils of Chatham House, the Royal United Services Institute, the Overseas Development Institute, the board of the Westminster Foundation for Democracy, and the advisory council at Wilton Park.
ALEXANDER GRAF LAMBSDORFF, VICE-PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
Alexander Graf Lambsdorff has been a member of the European Parliament (MEP) since 2004. Between 2009 and 2014, he served as deputy leader of the liberal group ALDE. Lambsdorff also heads the FDP Delegation (German Liberal Party) in the European Parliament and is a member of the FDP’s Executive Committees at the federal, state (North Rhine-Westphalia) and local level (Bonn). He was chief observer of the EU Election Observation Missions to Libya, Guinea, Bangladesh, and Kenya. Before becoming an MEP, Lambsdorff worked in the Political Department of the German Foreign Office in Berlin and in the German Embassy in Washington, DC. He has a master’s in history and master’s in foreign service from Georgetown University and a bachelor’s equivalency in history, political science, and public law from Bonn University.
CHARLES GRANT, DIRECTOR, CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN REFORM
Charles Grant is the director of the Centre for European Reform (CER), which he helped establish in 1998. He works on, among other subjects, EU foreign and defense policy, Russia, China, the euro, and global governance. He previously worked for Euromoney and The Economist in London and Brussels, and his biography of Commission President Jacques Delors (Delors: Inside the House that Jacques Built) was published by Nicolas Brealey in 1994. He is the author of many CER publications, most recently “How to Build a Modern European Union” (2013), and is a regular contributor to the Financial Times and the International New York Times among others.
Megan E. Greene is a non-resident fellow with GMF’s Europe Program. She is a managing director and chief economist at Manulife Asset Management, responsible for forecasting global macro-economic and financial trends and analyzing the potential opportunities and impacts to support the firm’s investment teams around the world. Previously, Greene ran her own London-based economics consulting practice, Maverick Intelligence, serving clients who used her analysis of economic, political, policy, and social developments and the impact these were likely to have on the global economy. Prior to Maverick, she was director of European economics at Roubini Global Economics and the euro crisis expert at the Economist Intelligence Unit. She has a bachelor’s in political economy from Princeton University and a master’s in European studies from Nuffield College, Oxford University.
MARC GROSSMAN, VICE CHAIRMAN, COHEN GROUP
Ambassador Marc Grossman is the vice chairman of the Cohen Group. He served as the under secretary of state for political affairs until his retirement in 2005 after serving for nearly 30 years in the U.S. Foreign Service. As under secretary, he helped marshal diplomatic support for the international response to the attacks of September 11, 2001. He also managed U.S. policies in the Balkans and Colombia and promoted a key expansion of the NATO alliance. From 2011-12, Grossman served as the U.S. special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan. In January 2013, Grossman was appointed a Kissinger senior fellow at the Jackson Institute at Yale University. He is the chairman of the Board of the Senior Living Foundation of the Foreign Service and a board member of the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
SUHASINI HAIDAR, DIPLOMATIC AND STRATEGIC AFFAIRS EDITOR, THE HINDU
Suhasini Haidar is the diplomatic and strategic affairs editor of The Hindu, and was presenter of the signature show, “World View with Suhasini Haidar” on CNN-IBN. Prior to this, Haidar was a foreign affairs editor and prime time anchor for India’s leading 24-hr English news channel CNN-IBN (2005-14) and a correspondent for CNN International’s New Delhi bureau. Over the course of her 20-year reporting career, Haidar has covered the most challenging stories and conflicts from diverse countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Libya, Lebanon, and Syria. In India, she has covered the foreign affairs beat for over a decade, and her domestic assignments include political profiles and in-depth reporting from conflict zones.
NADER HARIRI, CHIEF OF STAFF TO SAAD HARIRI, LEBANON
Nader Hariri has been the chief of staff to Saad Hariri, former prime minister and president of the Future Movement, since 2009. In addition to these duties, Nader Hariri has played a pivotal role in the March 14 Movement since 2005 and has been instrumental in forging strong relationships with other Lebanese Political Parties namely the Free Patriotic Movement and the Amal movement. He currently leads the Future Movement delegation in the dialogue with Hezbollah. Prior to this, he was the Managing Director of Omnia Holdings, a private equity firm with a number of investments in Telecommunications, Technology and Internet and has served on and chaired a number of international and national boards of telecom companies. He is the founder of Millennium Development International, a leading real estate consulting firm, and Benchmark Development, a real estate developer focusing on community developments. He is a graduate of the American University of Beirut.
JOHN HARRIS, CO-FOUNDER, POLITICO
In 2006, after over two decades at The Washington Post, John Harris founded Politico, a newspaper that covers national politics and has become almost instantly recognized as an authoritative voice on the goings-on in Washington. Harris spent 21 years at The Post, covering local politics, Virginia state politics, and national issues. During the Clinton years, Harris covered the White House and eventually used that experience to write a history of the Bill Clinton presidency called The Survivor: Bill Clinton in the White House. Harris is on the Board of Trustees of the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
HARI N. HARIHARAN, CHAIRMAN AND CEO, NWI MANAGEMENT LP, UNITED STATES
Hari N. Hariharan is the chairman and CEO of NWI Management LP, a New York-based hedge fund group specializing in global macro-investing with an emphasis on emerging markets. The group, which started in mid-1993, was originally known as Santander New World Investments Group and was spun off in April 1999. From 1976 to 1993, Hariharan was at Citibank N.A. where his last role was as the division executive of the International Corporate Finance Division, which specialized in emerging economies. During his Citibank career, he built several different and highly successful businesses for the bank globally.
SUSAN N. HERMAN, PRESIDENT, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION
Susan N. Herman was elected president of the American Civil Liberties Union in October 2008, after having served as a member of the ACLU Board of Directors and Executive Committee, and as general counsel. She holds a chair as Centennial Professor of Law at Brooklyn Law School, where she currently teaches courses in Criminal Procedure and Constitutional Law, and seminars on Law and Literature, and Terrorism and Civil Liberties. Her most recent book, Taking Liberties: The War on Terror and the Erosion of American Democracy(Oxford University Press 2011), winner of the 2012 IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law/Roy C. Palmer Civil Liberties Prize, was published in an updated paperback edition in March 2014. Herman received a bachelor’s from Barnard College as a philosophy major, and a J.D. from New York University School of Law.
DOUGLAS HENGEL, SENIOR RESIDENT FELLOW, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Douglas Hengel is a senior resident fellow contributing to GMF’s work on global energy, climate and resource challenges, and international economics, with a particular focus on European energy security. A career U.S. foreign service officer, Hengel served with the U.S. Department of State for more than 30 years. Among his postings, he has been deputy chief of mission in Rome (2010-13) and in Bratislava (1999-2002), and also served at the U.S. embassies in the Czech Republic, Peru, and Venezuela. In Washington, Hengel worked as deputy assistant secretary of state for energy, sanctions and commodities (2007-10). He was executive assistant to the undersecretary for economic, energy and agricultural affairs (2006-07) and has also served in the Office of the senior advisor to the secretary and as director of the Office of Southern European Affairs, among other assignments. Hengel has a bachelor’s from Colgate University and a master’s in public policy from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton.
NICHOLAS HODAC, GOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMS EXECUTIVE, IBM
Nicholas Hodac is governmental programs executive for IBM Europe. In this role, he is the European lead for trade policy and is also responsible for governmental affairs with the Belgian Governments. Prior to joining IBM Europe, Hodac worked for Ford of Europe as head of the Brussels EU Affairs Office, General Motors Europe (GME) as manager EU Affairs in its governmental affairs office located in Brussels, and in the European Parliament as an assistant advisor to the EPP-ED Group in the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) Committee.
Hannah Hopko is the head of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the Ukrainian Parliament. She was one of the leading members of the civic sector of EuroMaidan (Nov. 21, 2013 - Feb. 22, 2014). She helped launch the Reanimation Package of Reforms initiative — a coalition of Ukrainian experts, activists, journalists, scientists, and human rights advocates focused on the efficient implementation of the most important reforms in Ukraine. She was also a member of a panel of experts for the inter-factional parliamentary group, Platform of Reforms. She was designated head of the Foreign Affairs Committee on Dec. 4, 2014.
GREGORY SCOTT HOROWITT, FOUNDING PARTNER AND MANAGING DIRECTOR, T2 VENTURE CAPITAL
Gregory Scott Horowitt is the co-founder and managing director of T2 Venture Creation, a multi-disciplinary venture capital fund and ecosystem advisory firm focused on building high impact technology and healthcare enterprises. He is an advisor and consultant to many of the world’s top development organizations, including the Aspen Institute, World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, U.S. Department of State, and National Academies of Science, as well as CORFO (Chile), iNNpulsa (Colombia), Skoltech (Russia), and Ruta N (Medellin). Horowitt is also the co-founder of Global CONNECT, an innovation and ecosystem think tank based at the University of California, San Diego, that helped create the early frameworks around innovation ecosystems. Prior to CONNECT, Horowitt’s life was as an entrepreneur and investor, having been involved with a number of Silicon Valley startups and venture capital, including serving as an entrepreneur-in-residence for SK Global, a Silicon Valley venture capital firm.
CORINNA HORST, DEPUTY DIRECTOR, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES, BRUSSELS OFFICE
Corinna Horst is deputy director of the Brussels office of The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) supporting the executive director in all aspects of strategic planning, operations, personnel, management, and communication. In this capacity, she plays a central role in program planning, networking and relationship building with stakeholders from government, media, business, as well as non-governmental and think tank communities. She also manages the day-to-day operations of the Transatlantic Foundation, a project in support of GMF’s transatlantic activities with European partners. She monitors and frequently comments on transatlantic relations and European Union affairs. Before coming to GMF in 1999, she was a teaching associate at Miami University, teaching U.S. and world history and worked as assistant project manager at a publishing company in Germany. Hörst has a Ph.D. and master’s degree in history and studied at Miami University, Ohio, USA, the University of Heidelberg, Germany, and St. Andrews University, Scotland.
ROSALIND L. HUDNELL, VICE PRESIDENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES, INTEL CORPORATION
Rosalind L. Hudnell is a vice president of human resources at Intel Corporation and serves as director of global employee communications and external relations. Since joining Intel in 1996, she has held various management positions in community relations, government relations, charitable contributions, media outreach, employee volunteerism, and workforce development. During her tenure as Intel’s chief diversity officer, the company achieved significant progress and received numerous awards for leadership in workforce diversity. Ms. Hudnell’s contributions include co-founding the Intel Black Leadership Council and driving the development of Intel’s Global Women’s Initiative, the Hispanic Leadership Council, and the growth of employee affinity networks. Most recently, she led the STAY WITH IT™ Initiative for President Obama’s Council on Jobs & Competitiveness, which focused on getting more students to complete degrees in engineering and computer science. Ms. Hudnell completed her undergraduate studies at St. Mary’s College and did advanced study at the UCLA Anderson School of Management.
TOMI HUHTANEN, DIRECTOR, WILFRIED MAARTENS CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN STUDIES
In 2007, Tomi Huhtanen became the director of the Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies, the official political foundation and think tank of the European People’s Party (EPP.) Previously, he was the senior advisor at the European People’s Party starting in November 1999.
DAVID IGNATIUS, COLUMNIST, THE WASHINGTON POST
David Ignatius’ twice-weekly column on global politics, economics, and international affairs began appearing onThe Washington Post’s op-ed page in 1999. Prior to becoming a columnist for the newspaper, Ignatius was the assistant managing editor of business news. He also served as The Post’s foreign editor, supervising the paper’s Pulitzer Prize-winning coverage of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. From 1986-90, he was editor of the newspaper’s Sunday “Outlook” section. Before joining The Post in 1986, Ignatius spent ten years as a reporter for The Wall Street Journal, where he covered the steel industry, the U.S. Justice Department, the Central Intelligence Agency, the U.S. Senate, and was the Middle East chief diplomatic correspondent.
TOOMAS HENDRIK ILVES, PRESIDENT, ESTONIA
Toomas Hendrik Ilves is currently serving his second term as president of the Republic of Estonia. Throughout his presidency, Ilves has been appointed to several high-level international positions, including chairman of the EU task force on an electronic health form and the chairman of the European Cloud partnership steering board. Before being elected president, Ilves was a member of the Estonian Parliament and an elected member of the European Parliament (MEP), where he served as vice president of the foreign affairs committee. As an MEP, Ilves initiated the Baltic Sea Strategy, which was later implemented as the official regional policy of the EU.
MASAFUMI ISHII, AMBASSADOR TO BELGIUM AND REPRESENTATIVE TO NATO, JAPAN
Masafumi Ishii is the ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the Kingdom of Belgium and representative to NATO for Japan. Before assuming his current role, Ishii was the director-general of the International Legal Affairs Bureau for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Japan. Previously, Ishii was the ambassador and director-general for global issues and the deputy director-general at the Foreign Policy Bureau. He also served as the minister for the Embassy of Japan in the United States and in the U.K. Prior to that, Ishii served as the private secretary to the minister for foreign affairs. He was also the director of the second Southeast Asian division in the Asian Affairs Bureau, and before that he was the director of the planning division at the Foreign Policy Bureau.
FARAHNAZ ISPAHANI, REAGAN-FASCELL SCHOLAR, NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY
Farahnaz Ispahani is the author of the forthcoming book, Purifying the Land of the Pure: Religious Minorities in Pakistan, and a Reagan-Fascell Scholar at the National Endowment for Democracy. Ispahani was a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center from 2013-14. She is a Pakistani politician who served as a member of parliament and as a media advisor to the president of Pakistan. In parliament, she focused on terrorism, human rights, gender-based violence, minority rights and U.S.¬-Pakistani relations. The most notable pieces of legislation enacted with her active support include those relating to women’s harassment in the workplace and acid crimes and control.
DARRELL ISSA, MEMBER, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE
Congressman Darrell Issa is the U.S Representative for California’s 49th district, a seat he has served in since 2001. As a senior in high school, Issa enlisted in the United States Army where he received an ROTC scholarship and attended Sienna Heights University. Upon his graduation, Issa was commissioned as a U.S. Army Officer, completing his active-duty service in 1980 and obtaining the rank of captain. After his military service, the congressman turned to private business, eventually serving as CEO of California-based Directed Electronics, and serving as chairman of the Consumer Electronics Association. Issa, a member of the Republican Party, sits on the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the House Judiciary Committee, where he is chairman of the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet. He served as chairman of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee during the 112th and 113th Congresses.
DHRUVA JAISHANKAR, TRANSATLANTIC FELLOW, ASIA PROGRAM, GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES (GMF)
Dhruva Jaishankar is a transatlantic fellow with GMF's Asia Program, where he manages GMF’s India Trilateral Forum, organizes policy meetings on Pakistan, and edits the Transatlantic Take series. His current research focuses on Indian foreign and security policy, and internet freedom in South and Southeast Asia. His commentary and analysis on international affairs and security issues have been featured in multiple international publications and broadcast programs. He previously worked as a senior research assistant at the Brookings Institution, and as a news writer and reporter for CNN-IBN in New Delhi, India. Jaishankar is a former Brent Scowcroft Award Fellow, a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and an IISS-SAIS Merrill Center Young Strategist. He holds a bachelor’s degree in History and Classics from Macalester College, and a master’s degree in security studies from Georgetown University.
MAHMOUD JIBRIL, PRESIDENT, NATIONAL FORCES ALLIANCE
Mahmoud Jibril is the leader of the National Forces Alliance and previous interim prime minister of Libya. He has both a masterss degree in political science and a Ph.D. in strategic planning and decision-making from the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. After completing his doctorate in 1984, he taught strategic planning and decision-making at the university for several years. He also wrote several books and ran leadership training programs in several Arab countries. He later became the head of the Libyan National Planning Council. In 2009, he was given his position as chairman of the NEDB, which was founded in the mid-2000s to encourage investment in Libya. Before the uprising, he was involved in a project called “Libyan Vision” with other intellectuals, which sought to establish a democratic state.
YANG JIEMIAN, PRESIDENT EMERITUS, SHANGHAI INSTITUTES FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (SIIS); CHAIR, COUNCIL OF SIIS ACADEMIC AFFAIRS
Yang Jiemian is president emeritus of the Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (SIIS) and the chair of the Council of SIIS Academic Affairs. He received his bachelor’s at the Shanghai Teachers’ University, a master’s at the Shanghai Institute for International Studies (SIIS), a master’s at the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, and a Ph.D. at the Shanghai International Studies University. Among other organizations, Yang sits on the boards of the China National Association for International Studies, the Chinese People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs, the National Association of China-U.S. Friendship, the National Association of American Studies, the Shanghai Association of International Relations, the Shanghai Institute for International Strategic Studies, and the Shanghai Association of Taiwan Studies.
ZORAN JOLEVSKI, MINISTER OF DEFENSE, REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
In June 2014, Dr. Zoran Jolevski became the Republic of Macedonia’s minister of defense. Previously, he had been that country’s ambassador to the United States since March 2007. In October 2010, he was also appointed as a non-resident ambassador to Mexico, and in April 2011, he was appointed as the non-resident ambassador to Brazil. In October 2011, Jolevski was appointed permanent representative to the Organization of American States. From January 2000 to June 2004, he was the secretary general of the Cabinet of the President of the Republic of Macedonia.
STEFFEN KAMPETER, PARLIAMENTARY STATE SECRETARY, FEDERAL MINISTRY OF FINANCE, GERMANY
Steffen Kampeter holds several roles in addition to serving as the parliamentary state secretary of the Federal Ministry of Finance. Since 2012, Kampeter has been a member of the advisory council of the Tarabya Cultural Academy and a member of the board of trustees on the German Committee of AIESEC. He is also the district chair of the Christian Democratic Union in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe region and the deputy state chair of the Christian Democratic Union in North Rhine-Westphalia. Kampeter studied economics at Münster University, where he worked in the Institute of Transport Economics.
CHOI KANG, VICE PRESIDENT FOR RESEARCH; DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR FOREIGN POLICY AND NATIONAL SECURITY, ASAN INSTITUTE FOR POLICY STUDIES
Dr. Choi Kang is the vice president for research and the director of the Center for Foreign Policy and National Security at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies. Previously, he was the dean of planning and assessment at the Korean National Diplomatic Academy, professor and director general for American Studies at the Institute for Foreign Affairs and National Security, research fellow at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, and senior director for policy planning and coordination on the National Security Council Secretariat. He holds several advisory board memberships including the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Unification of the National Assembly; Ministry of National Defense; Ministry of Unification; and the Air Force Development Committee.
YORIKO KAWAGUCHI, PROFESSOR, MEIJI INSTITUTE FOR GLOBAL AFFAIRS
Yoriko Kawaguchi is a professor at the Meiji Institute for Global Affairs. She was a member of the House of Councilors for the Liberal Democratic Party from 2005 to 2013. She was minister of the environment from 2000 to 2002, special adviser to the prime minister of Japan on foreign affairs from 2004 to 2005, and minister for foreign affairs from 2002 to 2004. She also served as co-chair of the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament from 2008 to 2010. Prior to this, Kawaguchi was managing director of Suntory Ltd, director general of global environmental affairs at the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and minister at the Embassy of Japan to the United States. Kawaguchi holds a master’s in economics from Yale University and a bachelor’s in international relations from the University of Tokyo. She has recently held a professorship at Meiji Institute for Global Affairs.
PETER KELLNER, PRESIDENT, YOUGOV
Peter Kellner is president of pioneering online survey research company YouGov, and was chairman of the company from 2001-07. He has written for the Times, Sunday Times, Independent, Observer, Evening Standard,and New Statesman. Kellner has also been a visiting fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford, and the Policy Studies Institute, London. Before joining YouGov, he acted as a consultant on public opinion research to the Bank of England, Corporation of London, Foreign Office, National Westminster Bank, and Trades Union Congress.
R. CRAIG KENNEDY, PARTNER, CREATIVE ENGAGEMENT
Craig Kennedy is a partner in Creative Engagement, an advisory firm that helps governments, corporations, and non-profits reach their key audiences in innovative ways. He spent over 30 years in leadership positions for non-profit organizations. Kennedy serves on the board of First Solar and on the advisory board of True North Venture Partners. He is also a director of the U.S.-Russia Foundation and the Alfred Herrhausen Society.
RODERICH KIESEWETTER, MEMBER, BUNDESTAG, GERMANY
Roderich Kiesewetter has been a member of the German Bundestag since October 2009, and was reelected in 2013. He studied economics in Munich, Germany, and Austin, Texas, from 1983 to 1986. Kiesewetter underwent general staff officers’ training from 1995 to 1997 and received the General Heusinger Award. He has served in various command and staff positions, including at the EU Council the NATO headquarters (in Brussels and Mons), and the German Federal Ministry of Defense. He has held the position of battalion commander and has served in several operations abroad. He was head of the chief of staff’s office at the NATO headquarters from 2006 to 2009.
ANDREY KORTUNOV, DIRECTOR GENERAL, RUSSIAN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS COUNCIL
Andrey Kortunov is the director general of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC). He graduated from the Moscow State University of International Relations and pursued postgraduate studies at the Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies (Ph.D. in history) where he served as deputy director and head of the Foreign Policy Department. He was a visiting professor at several U.S. universities including the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Miami. Kortunov is the author of more than 120 publications, focused on U.S.-Soviet/Russian relations, international security issues, and Soviet/Russian domestic and foreign policy.
KONSTANTIN KOSACHEV, CHAIRMAN, COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERATION COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
In December 2014, Konstantin Kosachev was appointed to the chairperson of the Council of the Federation Committee on Foreign Affairs. From 2012 to 2014, he was the head of Rossotrudnichestvo (the Federal Agency for the Commonwealth of Independent States, Compatriots Living Abroad, and International Humanitarian Cooperation), as well as the special representative of the president of the Russian Federation for relations with the CIS countries. Kosachev was elected to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the third, fourth, fifth and sixth convocations. He has served as deputy head of the “Otechestvo – Edinaya Rossiya” faction, deputy chairman of the state Duma committee on foreign affairs, and chairman of the committee on foreign affairs.
DANIEL KORSKI, POLICY ADVISOR TO THE PRIME MINISTER, UNITED KINGDOM
Daniel Korski is a special policy advisor to British Prime Minister David Cameron. He previously worked as an advisor to Andrew Mitchell MP, the former Conservative chief whip, and for the British member of the European Commission, Catherine Ashton, as well as for Edward Llewellyn during his time as chief of staff to Lord Paddy Ashdown, the then-UN high representative of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Korski has also worked in a number of positions in London, Washington, DC, Iraq, Yemen, and Afghanistan. Before working for the British government, Korski worked in Parliament as a policy advisor to the House of Commons Defence Select Committee. In 2008, he helped establish the bi-partisan think-tank, the European Council on Foreign Relations. He has written for The Spectator, The Guardian, Süddeutsche Zeitung, TheNew York Times, and European Voice.
IVAN KRASTEV, CHAIRMAN, CENTRE FOR LIBERAL STRATEGIES, SOFIA
Ivan Krastev is chairman of the Centre for Liberal Strategies in Sofia and permanent fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna. He is a founding board member of the European Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the advisory board of the ERSTE Foundation, and member of the advisory council of the Center for European Policy Analysis and the European Cultural Foundation. He was editor-in-chief of the Bulgarian Edition ofForeign Policy and was a member of the Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, London (2005-11), associate editor of Europe’s World, and a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Democracy and Transit – Europäische Revue. His latest book in English is In Mistrust We Trust: Can Democracy Survive When We Don’t Trust Our Leaders? (TED Books, 2013).
BRONISŁAW KOMOROWSKI, PRESIDENT, REPUBLIC OF POLAND
H.E. Bronisław Komorowski became acting president of the Republic of Poland following the death of President Lech Kaczyński in a plane crash on April 10, 2010. He was previously a member of parliament for consecutive terms in the Sejm. He worked in the Commission for Poles Overseas and in the Commission for National Defence, and then in the Commission for Foreign Affairs until 2010. From 1997 to 2000, he presided over the Sejm Commission for National Defence. During the fourth Sejm, he was deputy chairman of the Sejm Commission for National Defence and a member of the Sejm Commission for Foreign Affairs.
CHARLES KUPCHAN, SENIOR DIRECTOR FOR EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
Dr. Charles Kupchan is the senior director for European affairs at the National Security Council. In this capacity, he is U.S. President Barack Obama’s principal advisor on Europe and leads the interagency process on the development and implementation of the president’s European policies. Prior to his service at the White House, Kupchan was a professor of international affairs in the Walsh School of Foreign Service and Government at Georgetown University, from which he is taking a leave of absence. He was formerly a Whitney Shepardson Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.
TATIANA LACERDA PRAZERES, SENIOR ADVISOR TO THE DIRECTOR GENERAL, WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
Tatiana Lacerda Prazeres, Ph.D. is the senior advisor to the director general of the World Trade Organization. She advises the director general on trade negotiations, agriculture, market access, trade in services, and trade and environment. Prior to this appointment, she served as Brazil’s secretary of foreign trade. She also worked for the International Trade Centre in Geneva, for the Brazilian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency, and the Brazilian Agency for Industrial Development. She graduated with a bachelor’s degree in law and international relations, and holds a master's degree in international law and a Ph.D. in international relations. In 2014, she was recognized by the World Economic Forum as a young global leader.
MARWAN LAHOUD, CHIEF STRATEGY AND MARKETING OFFICER, AIRBUS GROUP
Marwan Lahoud has been chief strategy and marketing officer of AIRBUS Group since 2007. He ran MBDA as chief executive officer from 2003 until he rejoined AIRBUS Group (EADS at that time). Lahoud began his career at the French defense procurement agency DGA in 1989. In early 1995, Lahoud was appointed special advisor to the French Ministry of Defense. In May 1998, he joined Aerospatiale as vice president development. In June 1999, he was appointed senior vice president of strategy and planning for Aerospatiale Matra, where he also served as senior vice president for military affairs.
ELLEN LAIPSON, PRESIDENT AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, STIMSON
Ellen Laipson is president and chief executive officer of Stimson, where she also directs the Middle East/Southwest Asia program. Laipson joined Stimson in 2002, after 25 years of government service. Her last government post was vice chair of the National Intelligence Council (1997-2002). She also served on the U.S. Department of State’s policy planning staff and was a specialist in Middle East affairs for the Congressional Research Service. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and serves on the International Advisory Council of the International Institute of Strategic Studies. She served on the board of the Asia Foundation (2003-15). She was a member of President Obama’s Intelligence Advisory Board from 2009 to 2013, and on the secretary of state’s Foreign Affairs Policy Board 2011 to 2014. Laipson has a master’s from the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University and a bachelor’s from Cornell University.
ELENA LAZAROU, HEAD, CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, GETULIO VARGAS FOUNDATION, BRAZIL
Elena Lazarou is head of the Center for International Relations of the Getulio Vargas Foundation FGV) and assistant professor at the FGV School of Social Sciences. Her current research focuses on the impact of the crisis of the euro on the EU’s external relations and EU-Brazil relations. She also coordinates a pilot program on think tanks and foreign policy in Brazil. Dr. Lazarou received her Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in 2008. She has held post-doctoral research positions at Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge and the London School of Economics and Political Science. She is affiliated to the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy and a visiting professor at Sciences-Po Grenoble. She has published several articles, edited volumes, and book chapters and is a regular contributor to the Brazilian press.
ALEXANDER LEBEDEV, DEPUTY CHIEF EDITOR, NOVAYA GAZETA
Dr. Alexander Lebedev founded the Russian Investment Company in 1992, and in 1995 became the head of the National Reserve Bank. In 2000, he launched the National Investment Council, a body independent from government authority and unaffected by political ideology. Council’s major task was and remains promoting Russia’s integration into world’s economic system. Since the council’s founding in 2000, Lebedev has been its president. In 2003, he was elected to the lower chamber of Russia’s Parliament, the State Duma. Until 2007, he was deputy chairman of the Committee for CIS affairs and links with nationals. Now he is the chairman of the board of directors of the National Reserve Corporation. He is also the president of the International Institute of Global Development (IIGD) and the president of the Charity Reserve Foundation. Lebedev holds a Ph.D. in economics.
CHRISTIAN LEFFLER, MANAGING DIRECTOR AMERICAS, EUROPEAN EXTERNAL ACTION SERVICE
Christian Leffler obtained a bachelor's degree in politics and international relations from the London School of Economics. After doctoral studies at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, he joined the Swedish Foreign Service in 1980. He joined the European Commission in 1996, where he took up the post of commission “antici” and head of the unit in the Secretariat General, responsible for the coordination of relations with the Council of Ministers. In 1999, he became the deputy head of the private office of the European commissioner for external relations. From 2002 until 2007, he was director in charge of the Middle East and South Mediterranean in the European Commission’s Directorate General for External Relations. During 2010, Leffler was deputy director general of the DG for development and relations with African, Caribbean, and Pacific States. Leffler took up his current position at the beginning of 2011.
PHILIPPE LEGRAIN, VISITING SENIOR FELLOW, EUROPEAN INSTITUTE, LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS
Philippe Legrain is a visiting senior fellow at the London School of Economics’ European Institute, as well as an independent writer, commentator, and consultant. From 2011 to 2014, he was economic advisor to the president of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, and head of the team providing the president with strategic policy advice. He has previously been chief economist of Britain in Europe, special advisor to World Trade Organization Director General Mike Moore, and trade and economics correspondent for The Economist.
MARC LELAND, CO-CHAIRMAN, BOARD OF TRUSTEES, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Marc Leland is co-chairman of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. He has served as president of Marc E. Leland & Associates, an investment advisory firm, and as assistant secretary of the treasury for international affairs, senior advisor to the Mutual Balanced Force Reduction Negotiations in Vienna, Austria, and general counsel of the Peace Corps. Leland has practiced law as a partner in Proskauer, Rose, Goetz & Mendelsohn in London, England and Cerf, Robinson & Leland in San Francisco, and has been managing director of the J. Paul Getty and Gordon P. Getty Trusts in Washington, DC. Leland received his bachelor’s from Harvard College, master’s from Oxford University, and JD from the University of California Berkeley School of Law. He was a Ford Foundation Fellow at the Institute of Comparative Law, Paris, France, and a faculty fellow in French and Soviet law at the Harvard Law School.
BRUNO LÉTÉ, SENIOR PROGRAM OFFICER, FOREIGN & SECURITY POLICY, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Bruno Lété currently serves as a senior program officer for foreign & security policy at The German Marshall Fund of the United States in Brussels. He provides analysis and advice on trends in geopolitics and on international security and defense policy. He focuses primarily on the EU Common Security & Defense Policy, NATO, and developments in Central and Eastern Europe. In 2010, Lété joined the European Union Delegation to the United States in Washington, DC, where he supported the political, security, and development section and focused on U.S. foreign policy and EU-U.S. relations. He started his career in 2007 as a program associate for the German Marshall Fund, where he helped developed GMF’s signature policy conferences, such as Brussels Forum. Lété studied at the University of Ghent in Belgium and at Collegium Civitas in Warsaw, Poland. He holds a bachelor’s in communication management and a master’s in international relations.
MICHAEL LEIGH, SENIOR ADVISOR, 2015 TRANSATLANTIC ACADEMY FELLOW, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Sir Michael Leigh is a Transatlantic Academy Fellow, consultant, and senior advisor to GMF. He focuses on European Neighborhood Policy, Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East as well as the future of the EU. He runs a program at GMF on the implications of the gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean. In 2006, Leigh became director-general for enlargement with the European Commission after serving for three years as external relations deputy director-general with responsibility for European Neighborhood Policy, relations with Eastern Europe, Southern Caucasus, Central Asia, Middle East, and the Mediterranean countries. He began his current role after more than 30 years in EU institutions, including as a cabinet member for various commissioners and as director in the Task Force for the EU Accession Negotiations. He holds a bachelor’s degree in philosophy, politics, and economics from Oxford University and a Ph.D. in political science from MIT.
CUI LIRU, SENIOR ADVISOR, CHINA INSTITUTES OF CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Professor Cui Liru is senior advisor to China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), the primary institution for comprehensive international studies in. Liru joined CICIR in 1980, focusing mainly on U.S. foreign policy studies, and was named deputy director of CICIR’s American Studies division in 1985. In 1992, he was appointed first secretary and counselor at the Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of China to the United Nations, and in 1994 he became director of CICIR’s North American Studies Division. In 1996, Liru became the president of the Institute of World Information, an organization affiliated with the State Information Center of the State Council. In 2005, he returned to CICIR as its president and worked in that post until 2013.
TIMO LOCHOCKI, TRANSATLANTIC FELLOW, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Dr. Timo Lochocki holds a bachelor’s in social psychology (2007) from the University of Washington, a master’s in political science (2010) from Humboldt Universität zu Berlin and Universitet i Bergen, Norway, and a Ph.D. (2013) from Humboldt Universität zu Berlin. His doctoral thesis “Hard Times in the Lands of Plenty: How right-populist parties can seize their electoral niche in Western Europe” was graded as summa cum laude. He has published on European integration, migration, and comparative politics with a focus on right-populist parties in academic journals, national newspapers, and for various think tanks. He is a consultant with the Institute of European Democrats and the German Mediendienst Integration (media service integration) and a lecturer at Humboldt Universität zu Berlin. In addition to his native German, Lochocki speaks fluent English and Norwegian, and has a working knowledge of French and Swedish.
BARRY LOWENKRON, EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT AND CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Barry Lowenkron is GMF’s executive vice president and chief operating officer based in Washington, DC. Before joining GMF, he served as vice president of international programs at the MacArthur Foundation for seven years. Lowenkron’s expertise and experience on transatlantic relations began with his public diplomacy work on U.S.-European relations in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He served as director of European security affairs for the National Security Council at the White House and as national intelligence officer for Europe on the National Intelligence Council. He was also a special assistant to General Colin Powell, then chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. At the Department of State, he was a senior member of the Policy Planning staff under Secretaries Shultz, Powell, and Rice. He received his master’s degree with distinction from the Nitze School and his bachelor’s degree with high honors from Northeastern University in Boston.
DOUGLAS E. LUTE, AMBASSADOR, UNITED STATES MISSION TO NATO
In August 2013, Douglas E. Lute was sworn-in as the ambassador of the United States to NATO. From 2007 to 2013, Lute served at the White House under Presidents Bush and Obama, first as the assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor for Iraq and Afghanistan, and more recently as the deputy assistant to the president focusing on Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. In 2010, Lute retired from the U.S. Army as a lieutenant general after 35 years on active duty. Prior to the White House, he served as the director of operations on the Joint Staff, overseeing U.S. military operations worldwide. He served multiple tours in NATO commands including duty in Germany during the Cold War and commanding U.S. forces in Kosovo. He holds degrees from the United States Military Academy and Harvard University.
BRUNO MACAES, SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, PORTUGAL
Bruno Macaes is Portugal’s secretary of state for European affairs. Between 2006 and 2007, he was a professor at the University of Yonsei in the Republic of Korea, where he taught international political economy. He then worked at the American Enterprise Institute in 2008. From 2008 to 2011, Macaes helped launch a new international university in Europe, the European College of Liberal Arts in Berlin. The first students to attend the new institution graduated in 2011. Between June 2011 and March 2013, Macaes was political adviser to the prime minister of Portugal. His latest publications discuss political economy, structural reforms and the future of the euro area. He received his law degree from the University of Lisbon in 1997 and his Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University.
CARLOS MENCHACA, COUNCIL MEMBER, NEW YORK CITY
Carlos Menchaca, New York City council member, is chair of the Committee on Immigration, co-chair of the Brooklyn Delegation, and a member of the LGBT Caucus. He authored, introduced, and passed legislation to create the first municipal identification card program in New York City and worked to secure funding for the largest public defender program for undocumented immigrants in the nation. Menchaca represents an incredibly diverse district of front-line communities in New York: a large Chinese and Latino immigrant population, the second largest public housing development in the city, and a waterfront community heavily affected by Hurricane Sandy. After a successful first round of Participatory Budgeting last fiscal year, Menchaca plans to bring a broader vision of participatory democracy to this diverse district by encouraging community involvement in the entire budget, legislative, and policymaking process.
CINDY MILLER, PRESIDENT, UPS EUROPE
Cindy Miller has been president of UPS Europe since April 2013. In this Brussels-based position, she oversees all UPS operations in the nearly 60 countries and territories across Europe, including UPS’s package delivery, freight forwarding, contract logistics, and distribution activities. The Europe region is UPS’s largest non-U.S. operation. Miller’s career at UPS spans 26 years, including more than six years outside of the United States. She has held key executive positions in the company, such as president of UPS South Europe and Africa and president of UPS’s Metro Chicago District.
DANIEL MITOV, MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, BULGARIA
Daniel Mitov graduated from Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski,” specializing in political science. He has participated in the international exchange programs of the Marshall Memorial Fund, and the “Programme des personnalites d’avenir” of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 2002, Mitov worked at the Political Academy for Central and Southeast Europe as part of the Bulgarian School of Politics team and Razum magazine. In 2006, he became executive director of the Democracy foundation, and then vice president of Democrats for Strong Bulgaria (DSB) party. Starting in 2010, he worked for the U.S. National Democratic Institute (NDI) in Iraq, where he was program manager of the political party development program. As an official NDI representative, he has also worked in Brussels, Libya, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ukraine, Yemen, Tunisia, and others.
FEDERICA MOGHERINI, HIGH REPRESENTATIVE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND SECURITY POLICY; VICE PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Federica Mogherini has been the high representative of the European Union for foreign affairs and security policy and vice president of the European Commission since November 2014. She was the Italian minister for foreign affairs from February to October 2014 and a member of the Italian Parliament (Chamber of Deputies), where she was elected for the first time in 2008. In her parliamentary capacity, she has been the head of the Italian delegation to the NATO parliamentary assembly and vice-president of its political committee (2013-14), member of the Italian delegation to the parliamentary assembly of the Council of Europe (2008-13), secretary of the defence committee (2008-13), and member of the foreign affairs committee.
CHRISTOPHER MURPHY, MEMBER, UNITED STATES SENATE
Senator Christopher Murphy is the junior senator from the state of Connecticut, having been first elected in 2012. A member of the Democratic Party, he serves on the Appropriations Committee, the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee, the Foreign Relations Committee, and the Democratic Steering & Outreach Committee. Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Murphy served Connecticut’s Fifth Congressional District for three terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. During that time, Murphy served on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, the Energy and Commerce Committee, and the Committee on Financial Services. Before his service in the U.S. Congress, Murphy served in the Connecticut General Assembly for eight years, both as a state representative and a state senator. He earned his undergraduate degree from Williams College and his J.D. from the University of Connecticut School of Law.
VICTORIA NULAND, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE OF EUROPEAN AND EURASIAN AFFAIRS, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Ambassador Victoria Nuland assumed her position as assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs in September 2013. Previously, Nuland served as State Department spokesperson. She was special envoy for conventional armed forces in Europe from 2010 until 2011, and before that, she served on the faculty of the National War College. Nuland was the U.S. permanent representative to the NATO from 2005 to 2008, principal deputy national security advisor to the vice president from 2003 to 2005, and the U.S. deputy permanent representative to NATO from 2000 until 2003. She also served as deputy to the ambassador¬-at-large for the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union. From 1993 to 1996, Nuland was chief of staff to the deputy secretary of state. Earlier in her career, she served on the Soviet Desk in Washington, helped to open the first U.S. Embassy in Mongolia, and served in Guangzhou, China. She earned a bachelor’s from Brown University.
MARC OTTE, DIRECTOR GENERAL, EGMONT
Marc Otte was named the director general of Egmont in 2014. He was the director of policy planning for the ministry of foreign affairs in Belgium from 2011 to 2014, the EU special representative for the Middle East peace process from 2003 to 2011, and was an advisor on defense and security policy to the high representative for common foreign and security, Javier Solana. He joined the Belgian ministry of foreign affairs in 1976 and held various assignments, including consul general in Los Angeles, ambassador to Israel, and director for security policy and disarmament. He holds a master’s in political and social sciences and a post-graduate degree from the Institute for Developing Countries at the University of Louvain in Belgium.
ELENA PANARITIS, SENIOR ADVISOR TO THE FINANCE MINISTER, GREECE
Elena Panaritis is the senior advisor to the finance minister of Greece and an institutional economist with a specialization in structural reforms and property rights. She also spearheads change in crisis-stricken Europe and Greece through Thought for Action, an “action tank” she founded. She is also the CEO and Founder of Panel Group, a triple-bottom-line impact investment social enterprise that provides counsel to governments and private sector participants on transforming informal markets in property rights and engaging in public sector reform. In over a decade as an economist at the World Bank, Panaritis has spearheaded several institutional reforms including property rights reform in Peru that received International Best Practice and Innovation awards from the World Bank and the U.S. government.
GIDEON RACHMAN, CHIEF FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMENTATOR, FINANCIAL TIMES
Gideon Rachman is chief foreign affairs commentator for the Financial Times. His book Zero-Sum World was published by Atlantic in 2011 and has been translated into eight languages. He writes an award-winning weekly column on foreign affairs for the Financial Times. Before joining the paper in 2006, he worked for The Economistfor 15 years in a range of jobs, including as a foreign correspondent in Brussels, Bangkok, and Washington. Rachman studied history at Cambridge University and has been a visiting fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University.
JEAN-ARTHUR REGIBEAU, POLITICAL DIRECTOR, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, BELGIUM
Jean-Arthur Regibeau has been the political director at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgium since June 2007. From 2003 to 2007, he was the head of private office for Belgium’s Minister of Defense, and from 2002 to 2003, he was the first secretary at the Belgian embassy in Germany. Between 1999 and 2002, Regibeau was a diplomatic advisor to Belgium’s Minister of Defense. He has a bachelor’s of international relations from Johns Hopkins University in Bologna, Italy, a certificate in international law from the State University of Leiden in the Netherlands, and a master’s degree in law from the State University of Liége in Belgium. He speaks French, Dutch, English, German, and Italian.
EDGARS RINKĒVIČS, MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, LATVIA
Edgars Rinkēvičs was appointed Latvian minister of foreign affairs in 2011. Prior to his current post, he held several political posts including chancery of the president of Latvia (2008-11), secretary of state to the Ministry of Defence (1997-2008), and deputy head of the Latvian delegation for accession negotiations with NATO (2002-03). From 1995-97, he worked in the Ministry of Defence in several roles, and was a journalist for “Latvijas Radio.” He earned a master’s degree in political science from the University of Latvia in 1997 and a master’s degree in national resource strategy from the U.S. National Defence University, Industrial College of the Armed Forces.
Dr. Norbert Roettgen serves as a chairman of the German Foreign Affairs Committee. He served as the German federal minister for the environment, nature conservation, and nuclear safety from 2009 to 2012, and has been a member of the German Bundestag since 1994. During this time, he has filled key functions within the Christian Democratic Party and the German federal government. In 2009, his first book, Deutschlands beste Jahre kommen noch, was released. It calls for a strategic and robust German political agenda that exercises a formative influence on globalization rather than being at its mercy.
FRANCOIS ROUX, DIRECTOR GENERAL OF EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, BELGIUM
Francois Roux has served as the director general of European affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgium since April 2012. From 2011 to 2012, he served as ambassador to the permanent representative to the United Nations office and other international organizations in Geneva. Between 2008 and 2011, Roux was chief of staff in the private office of Olivier Chastel, former secretary of state for European affairs. Roux earned a master’s in economics from the University of Paris (Assas), a master’s in public affairs and international relations from the University of Louvain, and studied at Sciences Po in Paris.
JOHN SAMMIS, DEPUTY CHIEF, UNITED STATES MISSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
A career member of the Senior Foreign Service with the rank of minister-counselor, John F. Sammis has been the deputy chief of mission at the U.S. Mission to the European Union since August 2014. He served previously at USEU as the minister-counselor for economic affairs from 2003 to 2007 and was economic-counselor in Berlin from 1998 to 2001. For the past two years, Sammis served as minister-counselor for Economic Affairs Mexico City, where he began his Foreign Service career in 1983. He later was involved in the initial preparations for the Brady Plan and NAFTA and with Mexico’s recovery from the peso crisis of 1994 to 1995. As the NSC director for Western Hemisphere Regional Economic Affairs in 2001 to 2003, he focused extensively on North American trade and economic affairs.
DEV SANYAL, EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT, MEMBER OF THE GROUP EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, BP
Dev Sanyal is the executive vice president of strategy and regions, and a member of the Group Executive Committee of BP. He is responsible for Europe, Asia, strategy and planning, risk management, government and political affairs, policy, group integration, and governance. Dev Sanyal joined the BP Group in 1989 and has held positions with the firm in London, Athens, Dubai, Istanbul, and Vienna. He has been general manager, FSU and Eastern Europe; chief executive officer, BP Eastern Mediterranean Fuels; chief executive officer, Air BP International; head of the Group Chief Executive’s Office; and group treasurer and chairman of BP Investment Management Ltd. He was appointed executive vice president in January 2012.
JANIS SARTS, STATE SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF DEFENSE, LATVIA
Janis Sarts has been the state secretary of the Ministry of Defense of Latvia since 2008. In this role, he has led the structural reforms of defense sector under severe financial restrictions, developed new State Defense Concept, and encouraged regional defense co-operation. Prior to this position, Sarts headed the defense section of Latvia’s Delegation to NATO and EU in Brussels from 2002 to 2007. Upon the request of Georgia in 2005, he was appointed as a Special Advisor to Georgia on defense reforms and NATO integration plans. Sarts was one of the key players to reform Latvia’s military to be able to integrate into NATO, while overseeing development and implementation of Latvia’s Membership Action Plans (MAP). Sarts graduated from the Faculty of History of the University of Latvia in 1994.
DANIELA SCHWARZER, SENIOR DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH AND DIRECTOR, EUROPE PROGRAM, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Dr. Daniela Schwarzer is senior director of research and the director of the Europe Program at The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF), having joined GMF’s Berlin office in January 2014. Previously, she headed the European Integration Division at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP, the German Institute for International and Security Affairs) from 2008-14. She joined SWP in 2005 as a senior fellow. In February 2014, Schwarzer was appointed as a senior research professor at the School for Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. She has been an adjunct faculty member of the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin since 2010 and has taught in graduate programs in universities in Europe and China since 2001. Schwarzer holds a Ph.D. in political economy from Freie Universität Berlin, co-supervised by the London School of Economics, and a master's in political science and linguistics at the University of Tübingen.
JEFF SESSIONS, MEMBER, UNITED STATES SENATE
Senator Jeff Sessions is the junior senator from the state of Alabama, being first elected in 1996. After earning his bachelor’s from Huntingdon College and his J.D. from the University of Alabama, School of Law, he entered private practice in his home state. He served as the assistant U.S. attorney and the U.S. attorney for the Southern District of Alabama, holding the latter position until he was elected to the United States Senate. Sessions served in the United States Army Reserve from 1973 to 1986, obtaining the rank of captain. A member of the Republican Party, he currently sits on the Committee on Armed Services, where he is chairman of the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, and on the Committee on the Judiciary, where he is chairman of the Subcommittee on Immigration and the National Interest. Sessions also sits on the Committee on the Budget and the Committee on Environment and Public Works.
BRENDA SHAFFER, PROFESSOR, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY
Professor Brenda Shaffer is currently a visiting researcher at Georgetown University’s Center for Eurasian, Russian, and East European Studies. She is on sabbatical from the University of Haifa, where she is a professor in the School of Political Science. She specializes on energy and foreign policy, energy security policies, the Caucasus, Caspian energy, and Eastern Mediterranean energy issues. She previously served as the research director of the Caspian studies program at Harvard University. Shaffer is the author of a number of books, including Energy Politics (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009), and Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity (MIT Press, 2002). Among her articles are “Natural gas supply stability and foreign policy” (Energy Policy, 2013) as well “Energy Resources and Markets in the Eastern Mediterranean Region” (GMF, 2012)
WENDY SHERMAN, UNDERSECRETARY FOR POLITICAL AFFAIRS, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Ambassador Wendy Sherman was sworn in as the undersecretary for political affairs in 2011. Prior to this position, she served as the vice chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a global strategy firm, and as a member of the Investment Committee of Albright Capital Management, an affiliated investment advisory firm focused on emerging markets. Sherman served as the counsellor for the U.S. Department of State from 1997 to 2001, as well as the special advisor to President Bill Clinton and policy coordinator on North Korea. From 1993-96, she served under Secretary of State Warren Christopher as assistant secretary for legislative affairs.
ANDREW SMALL, TRANSATLANTIC FELLOW, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Andrew Small is a transatlantic fellow with GMF’s Asia program, which he has helped lead since 2006. His research focuses on U.S.-China relations, EU-China relations, Chinese policy in South and South-West Asia, and China's role in “problem” and fragile states. He was based in GMF’s Brussels office for five years, where he established the Asia program and the Stockholm China Forum, GMF’s biannual China policy conference. He previously worked as the director of the Foreign Policy Centre's Beijing office, as a visiting fellow at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and was an ESU scholar in the office of Senator Edward M. Kennedy. His articles and papers have been published in Foreign Affairs, the Washington Quarterly, The New York Times, and the International Herald Tribune as well as many other journals, magazines and newspapers. He recently completed a book on China-Pakistan relations. Small was educated at Balliol College, University of Oxford.
PETER SPARDING, TRANSATLANTIC FELLOW, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Peter Sparding is a transatlantic fellow in GMF’s Europe Program in Washington, DC, where he works on issues related to the transatlantic and global economy. In particular, Sparding’s work focuses on the consequences of the eurozone crisis on the transatlantic economic relationship and the global economy. He also works on issues related to transatlantic trade and global economic governance. A native of Germany, Sparding previously worked in GMF’s Berlin office. He holds a master’s degree from Free University in Berlin and has also studied at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark.
GEORGE SOROS, FOUNDER AND CHAIRMAN, OPEN SOCIETY
George Soros is the founder and chairman of Open Society, a network of foundations, partners, and projects in more than 100 countries. His commitment to the idea of open society — where rights are respected, government is accountable, and no one has the monopoly on the truth — makes the Open Society Foundations unlike any other private philanthropic effort in history. Soros began his philanthropy in 1979, giving scholarships to black South Africans under apartheid. In the 1980s, he helped undermine communism in Eastern Europe by providing copying machines to help distribute banned texts, and supporting cultural exchanges with the West.
CONSTANZE STELZENMUELLER, ROBERT BOSCH SENIOR FELLOW, CENTER ON THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE, BROOKINGS
Constanze Stelzenmueller is the inaugural Robert Bosch senior fellow with the Center on the United States and Europe at Brookings. She was previously a senior transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) and directed GMF’s Transatlantic Trends survey program. Her areas of expertise include transatlantic relations; German foreign policy; NATO; the European Union’s foreign, security, and defense policy; international law; and human rights. Stelzenmueller is also the former director of GMF’s Berlin office and was an editor at the German weekly DIE ZEIT, covering political, defense and international security issues.
ANGELA STENT, DIRECTOR, CENTER FOR EURASIAN, RUSSIAN AND EAST EUROPEAN STUDIES, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY
Angela Stent is the director of the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies and a professor of government and foreign service at Georgetown University. She is also a senior non-resident fellow at the Brookings Institution and co-chairs its Hewett Forum on Post-Soviet Affairs. From 2004 to 2006, she served as a national intelligence officer for Russia and Eurasia at the National Intelligence Council. From 1999 to 2001, she served in the Office of Policy Planning at the U.S. Department of State. She is a member of the senior advisory panel for NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander in Europe and the Council on Foreign Relations.
PHILIP STEPHENS, CHIEF POLITICAL COMMENTATOR AND ASSOCIATE EDITOR, FINANCIAL TIMES
Philip Stephens is chief political commentator and associate editor at the Financial Times, where he is also a member of the editorial board. He is vice chair of the Council of the Ditchley Foundation, a member of steering group of the Anglo-French Colloque, and a member of the advisory board of the Institute for Public Policy Research. He has won the David Watt prize for Outstanding Political Journalism, Political Journalist of the Year by the U.K. Political Studies Association, and Political Journalist of the Year in the British Press Awards. Stephens was educated at Wimbledon College and Oxford University, where he took an honors degree in modern history.
BRUCE STOKES, DIRECTOR, GLOBAL ECONOMICS ATTITUDES, PEW RESEARCH CENTER
Bruce Stokes is the director of Global Economics Attitudes at the Pew Research Center. He is also a non-resident fellow at The German Marshall Fund of the United States and an associate fellow at Chatham House. He is a former senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, where he is a member. For 23 years, he was the international economics columnist for the National Journal, a Washington-based public policy magazine. He is the author many Pew surveys, including most recently Faith and Skepticism about Trade and Investment; Global Public Downbeat about Economy; A Fragile Rebound for EU Image on Eve of European Parliament Elections; Support in Principle for U.S.-EU Trade Pact; Indians Reflect on their Country and the World. He is coauthor, with Andrew Kohut, of the book America Against the World: How We Are Different and Why We Are Disliked (Times Books, 2006).
JENS STOLTENBERG, SECRETARY GENERAL, NATO
Jens Stoltenberg assumed his current position as NATO secretary general in October 2014. Prior to NATO, he held several senior political positions in the Norwegian government, starting as State Secretary at the Ministry of the Environment in 1990 and as a member of parliament in 1991. Other positions have included minister of industry and energy, minister of finance, and prime minister from 2000 to 2001 and again from 2005 to 2013. While he was prime minister, Norway’s defense spending increased steadily, with the result that Norway is today one of the Allies with the highest per capita defense expenditure. Under his leadership, the Norwegian government contributed Norwegian forces to various NATO operations. Stoltenberg has chaired the UN High-level Panel on System-wide Coherence and the High-level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing. He was UN special envoy on climate change until recently. He holds a postgraduate degree in economics from the University of Oslo.
STEPHEN F. SZABO, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, TRANSATLANTIC ACADEMY, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Dr. Stephen F. Szabo is the executive director of the Transatlantic Academy (TA), which works to strengthen the transatlantic partnership. He received his Ph.D. from Georgetown University in political science and has a bachelor’s and master’s from the School of International Service at American University. His fluency in the German language assists in his work with the partners of the TA to shape the research content of each term, assist in the recruitment and selection of fellows, and manage the Academy. Szabo also served as a professor of national security affairs at the National Defense University (NDU) and chairman of West European Studies at the Foreign Service Institute, U.S. Department of State. He has written on German foreign and security policies, generational politics in Europe, and transatlantic security and political relations.
RAFAL TRZASKOWSKI, SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, POLAND
Rafal Trzaskowski was appointed to the posts of secretary of state for European affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and prime minister’s plenipotentiary for European Council meetings in September 2014. He was a member of the European Parliament from 2009 to 2013, where he dealt with the implementation of EU treaties, the EU budget, the protection of privacy, and the European Digital Agenda. In 2004, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Warsaw’s Institute of International Relations in the Department of Journalism and Political Science. He is a university lecturer on European affairs.
DANIEL TWINING, SENIOR FELLOW, ASIA, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Daniel Twining is senior fellow for Asia at GMF. He leads a 15-member team working on the rise of Asia and its implications for the West through a program of convening and research spanning East, Southeast, and South Asia. He previously served as a member of the U.S. Secretary of State’s Policy Planning Staff; as the foreign policy advisor to U.S. Senator John McCain; and as a staff member of the U.S. Trade Representative. Since leaving government, he has worked with the U.S. National Intelligence Council on a range of projects related to global strategic futures and Asian security. He holds a doctorate in international relations from Oxford University, where he was the Fulbright/Oxford Scholar from 2004-07, and has taught at Georgetown University. He writes regular columns for Foreign Policy and Nikkei and has lived in India, Colombia, Georgia, the United Kingdom, Benin, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, and Thailand.
RIK VANPETEGHEM, CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND MANAGING PARTNER, DELOITTE BELGIUM
Rik Vanpeteghem is the chief executive officer and managing partner of Deloitte Belgium. He also represents the Belgian firm in the Deloitte global network as a member of the Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited (DTTL) Governance Committee, the DTTL Board of Directors, and Deloitte’s EMEA Council. Vanpeteghem began his career at Deloitte in 1985, specializing in tax. He became CEO in 2008. He is a board member of several business organizations including The Federation of Enterprises in Belgium, the Fleming Network of Enterprises, and AmCham. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the KULAK, a division to the Catholic University of Leuven (KUL), and a member of the Koning Boudewijn Stichting, West Flanders support committee.
HERMAN VAN ROMPUY, FORMER PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN COUNCIL
Elected as the first full-time president of the European Council in November 2009, Herman Van Rompuy took office when the Lisbon Treaty came into force on Dec. 1, 2009. In 2012, he was re-elected for a second term, serving until November 2014. At the time of his first election, Van Rompuy was prime minister of Belgium. Prior to that, he had served as speaker of the Belgian House of Representatives (2007-08) and in several government positions, including as vice-prime minister and minister of budget (1993-99).
JEAN-PASCAL VAN YPERSELE, VICE-CHAIR, IPCC
Jean-Pascal van Ypersele is vice-chair of the IPCC and candidate IPCC Chair. He has a Ph.D. in physics from the Université Catholique de Louvain (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium,) where he is full professor of climatology and sustainable development sciences, and co-directs the master’s program in science and management of the environment. He did his doctoral research on the modelling of Southern Ocean and sea ice at the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research. He has been involved in IPCC since 1995. He has participated in UN conferences on climate issues since 1979, and was instrumental in creating the UN work program on climate communication and education in 2002. He is a member of the Belgian Royal Academy and holds numerous awards in science and science communication.
ARMANDO VARRICCHIO, DIPLOMATIC ADVISOR TO THE PRIME MINISTER, ITALY
Armando Varricchio is a diplomatic advisor and G7/G20 sherpa of the prime minister of Italy. A former ambassador of Italy, he has held many roles in the Italian government, including deputy security general for the ministry of foreign affairs (2012-13), deputy diplomatic advisor to the president (2006-09), and first counsellor of the Italian embassy in Washington (2002-06). Varricchio also served as chief of staff to the minister of European affairs (1998-99). He has a master’s in international relations from the University of Padua.
IVAN VEJVODA, SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT, PROGRAMS, THE GERMAN MARSHALL FUND OF THE UNITED STATES
Until September 2010, Ivan Vejvoda was executive director of the Balkan Trust for Democracy, a project of the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF). He came to GMF in 2003 from service in the Serbian government as senior advisor on foreign policy and European integration to Prime Ministers Zoran Djindjic and Zoran Zivkovic. Prior to this, he served as executive director of the Belgrade-based Fund for an Open Society from 1998 to 2002. During the mid 1990s, he held various academic posts in the United States and the United Kingdom. Vejvoda was a key figure in the democratic opposition movement in Yugoslavia through the 1990s and is widely published on the subjects of democratic transition, totalitarianism, and post-war reconstruction in the Balkans.
GEORGE VOINOVICH, FORMER MEMBER, UNITED STATES SENATE
George Voinovich is a former senator from the state of Ohio. He is a member of the Republican Party, previously serving as the governor of Ohio and the mayor of Cleveland. Voinovich began his political career as the assistant attorney general of Ohio in 1963. He is widely known for his electoral successes, first as governor in 1994 winning by the largest margin of that year and then as senator when he won more votes (3.4 million) than any other candidate in Ohio’s history. He served on the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, and is considered by some as the Senate’s leading expert on the Balkans. In addition, Voinovich served on the Select Committee on Ethics, the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Environment and Public Works, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. He earned a bachelor’s in government from Ohio University and a J.D. from the Ohio State University.
URSULA VON DER LEYEN, MINISTER OF DEFENCE, GERMANY
Ursula von der Leyen was appointed minister of defence in 2013. Following a successful career as health care professional, she became a member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in 1990. From 2001 to 2003, she held various municipal political offices in the Hanover region. In 2003, she became a member of the Lower Saxony state parliament and was appointed state minister of social affairs, women, family affairs, and health. In 2005, she started her career in federal politics as federal minister of family affairs, senior citizens, women, and youth. In 2009, she was elected to Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag) and was appointed federal minister of labour and social affairs. After her election as member of the CDU Executive Committee, she was elected as party vice chair in 2010. She studied economics at the University of Göttingen, the University of Münster, and the London School of Economics and Political Science.
ECKART VON KLAEDEN, VICE PRESIDENT EXTERNAL AFFAIRS, DAIMLER AG
Eckart von Klaeden is a lawyer by training. He started his political career as a spokesman of the CDU in Lower Saxony before he became a member of the German Federal Parliament in 1994. There he held a number of posts: from 2000 to 2005 as parliamentary secretary, from 2005 to 2009 as foreign policy spokesman of the CDU/CSU faction in the German Federal Parliament, and from 2006 to 2010 as treasurer of the CDU. From 2004 to 2013, he was a member of the federal board of the CDU, and since 2006 he has also been a member of the executive committee. In 2009, he assumed office as minister of state of the federal chancellor. In November 2013, von Klaeden joined Daimler AG as vice president, external affairs where he is responsible for external relations and Daimler’s political dialogue worldwide.
KAREN E. WILSON, SENIOR FELLOW, BRUEGEL
Karen E. Wilson is a senior fellow at Bruegel, where her work focuses on entrepreneurship, innovation and finance. She has also been working in the Structural Policy Division of the Science, Technology, and Innovation Directorate at the OECD since 2009 where her work has focused on innovation policy, entrepreneurship and finance, and social impact investment. She is also an associate fellow at Said Business School at Oxford University. She was a senior fellow at the Kauffman Foundation from 2008 to 2012 and is the founder of GV Partners in 2004. Earlier, Wilson worked with international venture capital firm, Index Ventures, and before that was part of the senior management team at the World Economic Forum in Geneva, Switzerland. Her earlier experience includes investment banking and consulting. She received a bachelor’s in mathematics and management from Carnegie Mellon University and an MBA from Harvard Business School.
LAMBERTO ZANNIER, SECRETARY GENERAL, ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND CO-OPERATION IN EUROPE
Ambassador Lamberto Zannier, an Italian career diplomat, became secretary general of the Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE) in July 2011. From 2008 to 2011, he was the UN special representative for Kosovo and head of the United Nations interim administration mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). From 2002 to 2006, he was the director of the Conflict Prevention Center of the OSCE. His previous senior positions include permanent representative of Italy to the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in The Hague (2000-02), chairperson of the negotiations on the adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (1997-2000), and head of disarmament, arms control, and cooperative security at NATO (1991-97).
WOJCIECH ZAJACZKOWSKI, DIRECTOR, DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN POLICY STRATEGY, POLAND
Dr. Wojciech Zajaczkowski has worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1998, where, among other positions, he was counselor at the Polish Embassy in Moscow and Kyiv, deputy ambassador to Ukraine, and charge d’affaires in Turkmenistan. At the Ministry, he has served as a director of the Department of Eastern Policy and the deputy director of the Department of Strategy and Foreign Policy Planning. From 2007 to 2008, he was the principal adviser on energy security to the President of the Council of Ministers. From 2008 to 2010, he served as ambassador to Romania, and from 2010 to 2014 he was the ambassador to the Russian Federation. Since September 2014, he has been the director of the Department of Foreign Policy Strategy. He graduated from the Catholic University of Lublin with a degree in history. He received his Ph.D. in political science from the Polish Academy of Sciences.
DIETER ZETSCHE, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF MANAGEMENT, DAIMLER AG
Dr. Dieter Zetsche has been a member of the Board of Management of Daimler AG since December 1998, and chairman of the Board of Management of Daimler AG since January 2006. He is also head of Mercedes-Benz Cars Division. After attending school in Frankfurt and obtaining the Abitur (university entrance examination), he studied electrical engineering from 1971 to 1976 at the University of Karlsruhe and graduated as an engineer. He joined the research department of the then Daimler-Benz AG in 1976 and became assistant to the Development Manager in the Commercial Vehicles business unit in 1981. Zetsche completed a doctorate in engineering in 1982 at the University of Paderborn. Since 1984, as part of the Daimler-Benz Commercial Vehicles Management Development Team, he has been responsible for the coordination of international development activities.